Cocos nucifera L.

Coconut Palm Oil for Heart Health, Immune Support, and Weight Loss

Coconuts and coconut oil have been traditional, staple foods of Asia, Africa, Central America and the Pacific Islands for thousands of years.
Pacific Islanders who eat traditional diets have a reputation for good health and strong beautiful bodies. Many of these traditional diets obtain 30% to 60% of their calories from coconuts and palm oil. They tend to have normal cholesterol levels and little to no cardiovascular disease.(39)

Prior to the early 1900's, coconut oil was an important dietary fat in the United States. At that time cardiovascular disease was relatively
uncommon. Subsequently, palm oil has virtually disappeared, replaced by soybean oil, corn oil, canola oil and the hydrogenated
versions of these oils. While these domestic oils and their synthetic derivatives are under suspicion of causing a host of health problems,
palm oil research is rediscovering it's multiple health benefitsl.

Today, in countries where coconut oil is still widely used, heart and vascular disease remains uncommon. Palm oil is converted by the
body into the hormone pregnenolone. It also has immune-stimulating and anti-oxidant action. Coconut oil also promotes thermogenesis
and increased metabolism (supporting thyroid and mitochondrial function).

Coconut Oil and Cholesterol

Although coconut oil is a saturated fat, research has shown that it has a neutral effect on cholesterol and triglyceride levels. Being a
saturated fat, it is stable and not oxidized easily, probably explaining why it does not contribute to coronary heart disease.

Coconut Oil - Immune Support and Antibiotic Properties

Two thirds of coconut oil consists of Medium Chain Triglycerides. These MCTs consist of lauric acid (48 percent), capric acid (7 percent)
and caprylic acid (8 percent). These fatty acids and their monoglycerides are extremely powerful antimicrobial agents, effective against a
broad range of pathologic bacteria, viruses, fungi, yeasts, and protozoa.

The antivital properties of lauric acid was first discovered when researchers were investigating the anti-infective properties of human breast
milk. Human and mammalian breast milk are rich in lauric acid. These fatty acids and monoglycerides provide protection against infections
to babies, whose immune systems are still developing. When nursing mothers include coconut oil in their diet, the level of these fatty acids
in their breast milk can triple. (6)(18)(20)(21)(22)(28)(45)(52).

Anti-Viral Mechanism of Coconut Oil and Monolaurin

The monoglycerides have antiviral properties, diglycerides and triglycerides do not. Of the saturated fatty acids, lauric acid has greater
antiviral activity than either caprylic acid or myristic acid. It has been reported that monolaurin is more effective in inactivating viruses and
other infective agents than lauric acid. The exact difference between coconut oil and monolaurin as an anti-infective agent is unclear
because they have not been adequately tested and studied. Most of the clinical studies have been done on Monolaurin. Monolaurin is a
glyceride ester derivative of lauric acid; an activated form of lauric acid.

Monolaurin dissolves the lipids and phospholipids in the envelope of the virus causing the disintegration of the virus envelope effectively
lysing the plasma membrane. There is also evidence that signal transduction is also interfered with inhibiting the multiplication of the virus.

Viruses Inactivated by Coconut Oil

Some of the viruses inactivated by these lipids are HIV, measles virus, herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1), herpes simplex virus-2 (HSV-2),
vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV), visna virus, and cytomegalovirus (CMV). Many of the pathogenic organisms reported to be inactivated by
these antimicrobial lipids are those known to be responsible for opportunistic infections in HIV-positive individuals. In addition to viruses,
several bacteria and fungi have also been reported to be suppressed by monolaurin and coconut oil.

Coconut Oil - Thermogenesis and Weight Loss

Research has shown that coconut oil increases thermogenesis, the rate of burning calories to produce heat and energy from food.
Research has also shown that animals fed MCT oils had smaller fat pads and a number of key adipogenic genes were down-regulated.
MCT fed animals also had improved insulin sensitivity, glucose tolerance and reduced adipose tissue lipoprotein lipase.

It has become clear that individuals consuming coconut oil rather than soybean, olive or other LCT (long chain triglyceride) oils have an edge in losing weight and keeping it off. (2)(10)(15)(30)(44)(48)(49)

Organic Virgin Coconut Oil VCO

There are basically two grades of coconut oil available: RBD (refined, bleached, deodorized) and virgin coconut oil. RBD oil is subjected to
high heat, filtration, and processed with sodium hydroxide. A properly produced RBD oil is an acceptable food product.
The ultimate coconut oil is organic virgin coconut oil. The lauric acid content typically runs 50-55 percent making it a particularly potent
antimicrobial. This oil has a distinct coconut smell and taste where RBD oil is usually bland, with no coconut taste or odor.

How to Use Coconut Oil

You can use coconut oil for all frying and stir frying. It is heat stable and has a shelf life of over one year. You can also use it as a direct substitute
for butter, ghee, margarine and other culinary oils. When warmed (it needs to be liquefied, it solidifies at 70 degrees F) and combined with
a culinary vinegar and herbs, it makes an excellent salad dressing.

Dosage: How much Coconut Oil Cocos nucifera L lauric acid or monolaurin is needed?

Infants probably consume between 0.3 and 1 gram per kilogram of body weight if they are fed human milk or an enriched infant formula
that contains coconut oil. This amount appears to have always been protective to some degree. Extrapolating breastmilk content of lauric
acid and scaling the quantity to the body weight of an adult, an estimated intake of approximately 24 grams of coconut oil per day may
provide protective levels for an adult. This is the equivalent of 3.5 tablespoons of coconut oil, 10 ounces of coconut milk or 7 ounces of
raw coconut (approximately one half of a raw coconut per day). The Dayrit (8) study of Monolaurin and coconut oil as a therapy for HIV
used dosages of 7.5 to 22 grams of monolaurin per day in three divided doses or 45 ml. (approximately 3 tablespoons) of coconut oil
per day. The coconut oil and monolaurin both demonstrated a beneficial result in reducing viral loads and improving white cell counts.
Growing children probably need about the same amount as adults.

Safety Precautions and Side Effects

Coconut oil is food and can be consumed freely without any adverse effects. The only precaution is to keep your total calories within the
range that is appropriate for your body type and activity level. Lauric acid from coconut oil is converted into monolaurin in the human
body. Monolaurin is also considered to be a food.

Where to Get Virgin Organic Coconut Oil

Premium grade super natural cold pressed/cold filtered virgin coconut oil from south Thailand is considered some of the best in the world. Siam Natural 100% natural cold pressed extra virgin coconut oil from Thailand is available below from Paradisemoon boutique & ships worldwide.Anything under 100 ml will go through the postal system registered airmail.

Siam Natural Nutriment grade cold pressed-cold filtered extra virgina Coconut Oil Cocos nucifera L 100ml plastic bottle
$9.95 + $6.00 shipping/handling


(1) Ascherio A., Munger K.L., Lenette E.T., Spiegelman D., Hernan M.A., Olek M.J., Hankinson S.E., and Hunter, D.J. Epstein-Barr virus antibodies and risk of multiple sclerosis: a prospective study. JAMA 286(24:3127-9, Dec. 26th, 2001.
(2) Awad AB. Effect of dietary lipids on composition and glucose utilization by rat adipose tissue. Journal of Nutrition 111:34-39, 1981.
(3) Bierenbaum JL, Green DP, Florin A, Fleishman AI, Caldwell AB. Modified-fat dietary management of the young male with coronary disease: a five-year report. Journal of the American Medical Association 202:1119-1123;1967.
(4) Beuchat LA. Comparison of antiviral activities of potassium sorbate, sodium benzoate and glycerol and sucrose esters of fatty acids. Appi. Environ. Microbiol. 39:1178, 1980.
(5) Blackburn GL, Kater G, Mascioli EA, Kowalchuk M, Babayan VK, kBistrian BR. A reevaluation of coconut oil's effect on serum cholesterol and atherogenesis. The Journal of the Philippine Medical Association 65:144-152;1989.
(6) Boddie RL and Nickerson SE. Evaluation of postmilking teat germicides containing Lauricidin, saturated fatty acids, and lactic acid. J. Dairy Sci. 75(6):1725-30, 1992.
(7) Cohen SS. Strategy for the chemotherapy of infectious diseases. Science 197:431, 1977
(8) Dayrit, Conrado S. MD. Coconut Oil in Health and Disease: Its and Monolaurin's Potential as Cure for HIV / AIDS, XXXVII Cocotech Meeting, Chennai, India, July 25, 2000
(9) Dulbecco A. Interference with viral multi- plication. In: Virology, Dulbecco, A. and Ginsberg, H. edit, Harper & Row, Philadelphia, 1980.
(10) Enig, M. Coconut: In support of good health in the 21st century. 1999. coconut_health.htm.
(11) Enig, MG: Coconut Oil: An Anti-bacterial, Anti-viral Ingredient for Food, Nutrition and Health., AVOC Lauric Symposium, Manila, Philippines, Oct. 17, 1997.
(12) Eraly MG. IV. Coconut oil and heart attack. Coconut and Coconut Oil in Human Nutrition, Proceedings. Symposium on Coconut and Coconut Oil in Human Nutrition. 27 March 1994. Coconut Development Board, Kochi, India, 1995, pp 63-64.
(13) Fife, B. The Healing Miracles of Coconut Oil. Colorado Springs: Health Wise Pub; 2003:15.
(14) Fletcher RD, Albers AC, Albertson JN, Kabara JJ. Effects of monoglycerides on mycoplasma pneumoniae growth, in The Pharmacological Effect of Lipids II (JJ Kabara, ed) American Oil Chemists' Society, Champaign IL, 1985, pp.59-63.
(15) Han, J. et al. Medium-chain oil reduces fat mass & down-regulates expression of adipogenic genes in rats. Obes Res 2003, 11:734-44.
(16) Hierholzer, J.C. and Kabara, J.J. In vitro effects of monolaurin compounds on enveloped RNA and DNA viruses. Journal of Food Safety 4:1-12;1982.
(17) Hierholzer, JC and Kabara, JJ. In vitro effects of monolaurin compounds on enveloped RNA and DNA viruses., J. Food Safety 4:1-12, 1982
(18) Isaacs CE, Thormar H. Membrane-disruptive effect of human milk: inactivation of enveloped viruses. Journal of Infectious Diseases 154:966-971;1986.
(19) Isaacs CE, Thormar H. The role of milk-derived antimicrobial lipids as antiviral and antibacterial agents in Immunology of Milk and the Neonate (Mestecky J, et al, eds) Plenum Press, New York, 1991.
(20) Isaacs CE. The antimicrobial function of milk lipids. Adv. Nutr. Res. 10:271-85, 2001.
(21) Isaacs CE, Schneidman K. Enveloped Viruses in Human and Bovine Milk are Inactivated by Added Fatty Acids(FAs) and Monoglycerides(MGs). FASEB Journal. Abstract 5325, p.A1288, 1991.
(22) Isaacs CE, Kashyap S, Heird WC, Thormar H. Antiviral and antibacterial lipids in human milk and infant formula feeds. Archives of Disease in Childhood 65:861-864;1990.
(23) Isaacs CE, Litov RE, Marie P, Thormar H. Addition of lipases to infant formulas produces antiviral and antibacterial activity. Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry 3:304-308;1992.
(24) Ismail-Cassim, N et al. Inhibition of the uncoating of bovine enterovirus by short chain fatty acids. J. Gen. Virol. 71(10):2283-9, 1990.
(25) Kabara JJ. Fatty acids and derivatives as antimicrobial agents -- A review, in The Pharmacological Effect of Lipids (JJ Kabara, ed) American Oil Chemists' Society, Champaign IL, 1978, .
(26) Kabara JJ et al. Fatty acids and derivatives as antimicrobial agents. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 2:23, 1972
(27) Kabara JJ. Inhibition of staphylococcus aureaus in The Pharmacological Effect of Lipids II (JJ Kabara, ed) American Oil Chemists' Society, Champaign IL, 1985, pp.71-75.
(28) Kabara JJ. Lipids as host-resistance factors of human milk. Nutr. Rev. 38:65, 1980.
(29) Kabara, J. Health oils from the tree of life (Nutritional and health aspects of coconut oil).
(30) Kasai, M. Comparison of diet-induced thermogenesis of foods containing medium- versus long-chain triacylglycerols. J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo) 2002, 48:536-40.
(31) Kaunitz H, Dayrit CS. Coconut oil consumption and coronary heart disease. Philippine Journal of Internal Medicine 30:165-171;1992.
(32) Keys A, Anderson JT, Grande F. Prediction of serum-cholesterol responses of man to changes in the diet. Lancet, 959;1957. </p>
(33) Kohn A. et al. Unsaturated free fatty acids inactivated animal envelope viruses. Arch. Virol. 66:301-306, 1980
(34) Kurup PA, Rajmohan T. II. Consumption of coconut oil and coconut kernel and the incidence of atherosclerosis. Coconut and Coconut Oil in Human Nutrition, Proceedings. Symposium on Coconut and Coconut Oil in Human Nutrition. 27 March 1994. Coconut Development Board, Kochi, India, 1995, pp 35-59.
(35) Kumar, P. The role of coconut and coconut oil in coronary heart disease in Kerala, South India. Trop Doct 1997, 27:215-17. 7. 2 op. cit., 58.
(36) Lim-Sylianco CY. Anticarcinogenic effect of coconut oil. The Philippine Journal of Coconut Studies 12:89-102;1987.
(37) Mendis S, Wissler RW, Bridenstine RT, Podbielski FJ. The effects of replacing coconut oil with corn oil on human serum lipid profiles and platelet derived factors active in atherogenesis. Nutrition Reports International 40:No.4;Oct.1989.
(38) Mendis, S. and Kumarasunderam, R. The effect of daily consumption of coconut fat and soya-bean fat on plasma lipids and lipoproteins of young normolipidaemic men. Br J Nutr 1990, 63:547-52.
(39) Prior IA, Davidson F, Salmond CE, Czochanska Z. Cholesterol, coconuts, and diet on Polynesian atolls: a natural experiment: the Pukapuka and Tokelau Island studies. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 34:1552-1561;1981.
(40) Projan SJ, Brown-Skrobot S, Schlievert PM, Vandenesch F, Novick RP. Glycerol monolaurate inhibits the production of beta-lactamase, toxic shock toxin-1, and other staphylococcal exoproteins by interefering with signal transduction. Journal of Bacteriology. 176:4204-4209;1994.
(41) Rabia S. et al. Inactivation of vesicular stomatitis virus by photosensitization following incubation with a pyrene-fatty acid. Febs. Let. 270(12):9-10, 1990.
(42) Sands JA et al. Antiviral effects of fatty acids and derivatives. In: Pharmacological Effects of Lipids. Am. Oil Chem. Soc: Champaign, 1979;75.
(43) Sands J et al. Extreme sensitivity of enveloped viruses, including herpes simplex, to long chain unsaturated monoglycerides and alcohols. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 15(1):67-73, 1979.
(44) Sircar, S. and Kansra, U. Choice of cooking oils-myths and realities. J Indian Med Assoc 1998, 96:304-07.
(45) Silver RK et al. Factors in human milk interfering with influenza-virus activities. Science 123:932-933, 1956
(46) Simmons A. Herpes virus and multiple sclerosis. Herpes 8(3):60-3, Nov. 2001
(47) Smith RL. The Cholesterol Conspiracy. Warren H Green Inc. St. Louis, Missouri, 1991.
(48) St-Onge, M. et al. Medium-chain triglycerides increase energy expenditure and decrease adiposity in overweight men. Obes Res 2003, 11:395-402.
(49) St-Onge, M. and Jones, P. Physiological effects of medium-chain triglycerides: potential agents in the prevention of obesity. J Nutr 2002, 132:329-32.
(50) Tayag E, Dayrit CS, Santiago EG, Manalo MA, Alban PN, Agdamag DM, Adel AS, Lazo S and Espallardo N. Monolaurin and Coconut Oil as Monotherapy for HIV-AIDS, Pilot Trial. For Publication.
(51) Thormar H, Isaacs EC, Brown HR, Barshatzky MR, Pessolano T. Inactivation of enveloped viruses and killing of cells by fatty acids and monoglycerides.
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy 1987;31:27-31.
(52) Welsh JK, May JT. Anti-infective properties of breast milk. J. Pediatrics 94, 1-9, 1979.


Bali Lau Ent PO Box 881 Kealakekua, HI 96750

Siam Natural™ Herbal Products

These statements have not been evaluated by the FDA. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.

Intellectual properties contained herein (c) (p) copyright 2001-2019 worldwide rights reserved  a Bali Lau Entertainment Group, Company Hawaii, USA